Teenagers could kill…………………………….but how much do we love them?

Teenagers…………..well what more shall I say about them?

When people think of fairy tales, they think, “children.” But pay close attention to the stories and a bigger picture emerges.

When looking back at the fairytales of my childhood and comparing them to my adulthood especially now that I have an impossibly misbehaved teenage daughter, I am beginning to see the logic behind the reason for locking Repunzel in a tower, sending Snow White to a ghastly death, putting a rather “awkward” spell on Princess Fiona ensuring she remains an ugly green creature until she meets true love (which ofcourse in real life would never happen), sending Cinderella into slavery, and then there is Sleeping Beauty – lets put her to sleep for one hundred years.  She will never get up to mischief – never do drugs – never complain or be “cheeky” to her parents and never have a chance to be addicted to any kind of social media that will ruin her life.

Adolescence has always been troubled, but for reasons that are somewhat mysterious. I now understand completely why these measures were taken (never mind the true reasons behind them).  The fact remains, these fairy tale princesses were teenagers.

I am by no means a square mother, I am open minded and love my child with all my being, but I sometimes DO feel like locking her away in the highest room of the tallest tower.

Biochar – presentation

http://www.slideshare.net/upload?from_source=loggedin_newsignup

Slide 1

Good Day.  I am from Murrumbidgee Landcare Inc. and my name is Candice Gouck.  I will be presenting a short proposal of a Biochar project.  I will be talking about the Biochar itself and what value it will be bring to our organisation.  The benefits, objectives and risks will also be discussed. (Reference).

Slide 2

Biochar is a solid material derived from the carbonisation of biomass. Biochar may be added to soils with the intention to improve soil functions and to reduce emissions from biomass that would otherwise naturally degrade to greenhouse gases. Biochar also has appreciable carbon sequestration value. These properties are measurable and verifiable in a characterisation scheme, or in a carbon emission offset protocol.

Biochar is the solid remains of any organic material that has been heated to at least 250°C in a zero-oxygen or oxygen-limited environment, which is intended to be mixed with soils. If the solid remains are not suitable for addition to soils or will be burned as a fuel, the material is char, not biochar. Biochar reduces atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, improves many soils, potentially enhances crop productivity, provides some energy for human use and can be used to safely dispose of certain waste materials (Biochar International 2012)

Slide 3

Contains some pictures

Slide 4

Sustainable biochar is a powerfully simple tool to fight global warming. The practice has been around for 2,000 years.  It converts agricultural waste into a soil enhancer that can hold carbon, boost food security, and discourage deforestation. Sustainable biochar is one of the few technologies that is pretty much inexpensive, widely applicable, and quickly scalable.

Pyrolysis means heating biomass (wood, manure, crop residues, solid waste, etc..) with limited to no oxygen in a specially designed furnace that captures all emissions, gasses and oils for reuse as energy (Biochar International 2012).

Slide 5

Biochar can be added to soils to improve the soil’s features and reduce emissions from biomass. Biochar improves water quality and quantity by increasing soil retention of nutrients and agrochemicals for plant and crop utilization. More nutrients stay in the soil instead of leaching into groundwater and causing pollution.

Slide 6

Biochar also has appreciable carbon sequestration value. These properties are measurable and verifiable in a characterisation scheme, or in a carbon emission offset protocol.

Slide 7

From Waste to Income – A once worthless and costly byproduct (in most cultures) is now a valuable resource. Through biochar, biomass becomes a sustainable and value-added product for urban and rural agriculture and forest communities while creating jobs, improving soil and reducing forest fire hazards and has created thousands of new jobs (Sustainable, Obtainable Solutions 2009).

Slide 8

Bibens feeds the waste — called “biomass” — into an octagonally shaped metal barrel where it is cooked under intense heat, the organic matter is cooked through a thermochemical process called “pyrolysis”.

In a few hours, organic trash is transformed into charcoal-like pellets farmers can turn into fertilizer. Gasses given off during the process can be harnessed to fuel vehicles of power electric generators.

Slide 9

Current knowledge about the effects of adding biochar to Australian agricultural soils is not enough to sustain it’s recommendation. Currently Australia’s Climate Change Research Program did not showe enough proof  as to the certainty of biochar saving the environment.  However, even though there is this uncertainty, farmers are still making their own biochar which could have negative effects on agricultural production. An environmental sustainability analysis, including a life cycle analysis, will give an indication of the overall impact of biochar use in agricultural situations (Bracmort, KS 2009).

As biochar technology is in its early stages of development, scientists in the United States are concerned. Three issues that are important to introducing this type of technology are: feedstock availability, biochar handling, and biochar system deployment.

Successful implementation of biochar technology is rooted in the ability of the agricultural community to afford and operate a system that is complementary to current farming practices.  The availability of a plentiful feed supply for biochar production is an area for further study. To date, feedstock for biochar has consisted of mostly plant and crop residues, a primary domain of the agricultural community. There may be a role for the forestry community to be involved as woody biomass is deemed a cost-effective, readily available, feasible feedstock. Little is known about the advantages of using manure as a biomass feedstock. Some researchers have stated that manure-based biochar “has advantages over typically used plant-derived material because it is a by-product of another industry and in some regions is considered a waste material with little or no value. It can therefore provide a lower cost base and alleviate sustainability concerns related to using purpose-grown biomass for the process.

The spreading of biochar onto soil as a fertilizer is ripe for further exploration. Specifically, the ideal time to apply biochar and ensure that it remains in place once applied and does not cause a risk to human health or degrade air quality are concerns.12 Particulate matter, in the form of dust that is hard for the human body to filter, may be distributed in abnormal quantities if the biochar is mishandled. Additionally, there are potential public safety concerns for the handling of biochar as it is a flammable substance.

Slide 10

Our proposal is sustainable and can restore degraded land and improve the fertility of soil in an environmentally beneficial way. It is not only of environmental benefit to the Murrumbidgee community, but also to the entire world. This is because it removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, which is the principle contributor to global warming, and sequesters it in the ground. It also has the potential to reduce damage to rivers and oceans causes by fertilizer runoff.

Slide 11

Summarise the entire script.

Slide 12

Thank everybody for their time.

Biochar – presentation

http://www.slideshare.net/upload?from_source=loggedin_newsignup

Slide 1

Good Day.  I am from Murrumbidgee Landcare Inc. and my name is Candice Gouck.  I will be presenting a short proposal of a Biochar project.  I will be talking about the Biochar itself and what value it will be bring to our organisation.  The benefits, objectives and risks will also be discussed. (Reference).

Slide 2

Biochar is a solid material derived from the carbonisation of biomass. Biochar may be added to soils with the intention to improve soil functions and to reduce emissions from biomass that would otherwise naturally degrade to greenhouse gases. Biochar also has appreciable carbon sequestration value. These properties are measurable and verifiable in a characterisation scheme, or in a carbon emission offset protocol.

Biochar is the solid remains of any organic material that has been heated to at least 250°C in a zero-oxygen or oxygen-limited environment, which is intended to be mixed with soils. If the solid remains are not suitable for addition to soils or will be burned as a fuel, the material is char, not biochar. Biochar reduces atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, improves many soils, potentially enhances crop productivity, provides some energy for human use and can be used to safely dispose of certain waste materials (Biochar International 2012)

Slide 3

Contains some pictures

Slide 4

Sustainable biochar is a powerfully simple tool to fight global warming. The practice has been around for 2,000 years.  It converts agricultural waste into a soil enhancer that can hold carbon, boost food security, and discourage deforestation. Sustainable biochar is one of the few technologies that is pretty much inexpensive, widely applicable, and quickly scalable.

Pyrolysis means heating biomass (wood, manure, crop residues, solid waste, etc..) with limited to no oxygen in a specially designed furnace that captures all emissions, gasses and oils for reuse as energy (Biochar International 2012).

Slide 5

Biochar can be added to soils to improve the soil’s features and reduce emissions from biomass. Biochar improves water quality and quantity by increasing soil retention of nutrients and agrochemicals for plant and crop utilization. More nutrients stay in the soil instead of leaching into groundwater and causing pollution.

Slide 6

Biochar also has appreciable carbon sequestration value. These properties are measurable and verifiable in a characterisation scheme, or in a carbon emission offset protocol.

Slide 7

From Waste to Income – A once worthless and costly byproduct (in most cultures) is now a valuable resource. Through biochar, biomass becomes a sustainable and value-added product for urban and rural agriculture and forest communities while creating jobs, improving soil and reducing forest fire hazards and has created thousands of new jobs (Sustainable, Obtainable Solutions 2009).

Slide 8

Bibens feeds the waste — called “biomass” — into an octagonally shaped metal barrel where it is cooked under intense heat, the organic matter is cooked through a thermochemical process called “pyrolysis”.

In a few hours, organic trash is transformed into charcoal-like pellets farmers can turn into fertilizer. Gasses given off during the process can be harnessed to fuel vehicles of power electric generators.

Slide 9

Current knowledge about the effects of adding biochar to Australian agricultural soils is not enough to sustain it’s recommendation. Currently Australia’s Climate Change Research Program did not showe enough proof  as to the certainty of biochar saving the environment.  However, even though there is this uncertainty, farmers are still making their own biochar which could have negative effects on agricultural production. An environmental sustainability analysis, including a life cycle analysis, will give an indication of the overall impact of biochar use in agricultural situations (Bracmort, KS 2009).

As biochar technology is in its early stages of development, scientists in the United States are concerned. Three issues that are important to introducing this type of technology are: feedstock availability, biochar handling, and biochar system deployment.

Successful implementation of biochar technology is rooted in the ability of the agricultural community to afford and operate a system that is complementary to current farming practices.  The availability of a plentiful feed supply for biochar production is an area for further study. To date, feedstock for biochar has consisted of mostly plant and crop residues, a primary domain of the agricultural community. There may be a role for the forestry community to be involved as woody biomass is deemed a cost-effective, readily available, feasible feedstock. Little is known about the advantages of using manure as a biomass feedstock. Some researchers have stated that manure-based biochar “has advantages over typically used plant-derived material because it is a by-product of another industry and in some regions is considered a waste material with little or no value. It can therefore provide a lower cost base and alleviate sustainability concerns related to using purpose-grown biomass for the process.

The spreading of biochar onto soil as a fertilizer is ripe for further exploration. Specifically, the ideal time to apply biochar and ensure that it remains in place once applied and does not cause a risk to human health or degrade air quality are concerns.12 Particulate matter, in the form of dust that is hard for the human body to filter, may be distributed in abnormal quantities if the biochar is mishandled. Additionally, there are potential public safety concerns for the handling of biochar as it is a flammable substance.

Slide 10

Our proposal is sustainable and can restore degraded land and improve the fertility of soil in an environmentally beneficial way. It is not only of environmental benefit to the Murrumbidgee community, but also to the entire world. This is because it removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, which is the principle contributor to global warming, and sequesters it in the ground. It also has the potential to reduce damage to rivers and oceans causes by fertilizer runoff.

Slide 11

Summarise the entire script.

Slide 12

Thank everybody for their time.

News and Infotainment Interviews

News interviews

News interviews are showing signs of diversification.  The news interview may be understood as surrounding a variety of identifiable subgenres consisting of specialized tasks and how they are implemented.  These practices retain common features characteristic of the general run of interviews conducted by professional journalists with newsworthy individuals.

One broad class practice involves “speaking from the heart”.  This means, conveying strong opinions or feelings that are private, and/or genuine.  A good news interviewer allows the politician or public member to disclose his or hers inner feelings.

A second broad class of news practices are actions that are oppositional in some way for example, disagreements, counterproposals, and responses that ignore the agenda of the previous question.

Calling the interviewer by first name comes about at precisely when the Interviewee is working to encourage a claim in the face of a challenge to its sincerity.

Joke/Serious in Question-Answer Sequences: The Case of Infotainment Discourse

Infotainment shows are often used to attack the interviewee.  The interviewer uses humour to aggravate and ridicule the interviewee under the pretext of “joking”.

By using humour in this type of interview, the interviewee feels uncomfortable and uneasy, thereby revealing certain emotions or indirect messages, or they can try to avert away from the question, therefore audiences can be distracted and never receive the correct information.

Some examples of shows that make light of “serious” public affairs are; The Project, Good News Week, Can of Worms and Kyle and Jackie O.  It has become popular according to Clayman & Li (2009) that politicians and other high profile public members are interviewed on these shows as it increases their popularity and sends a message to their viewers.

It is interesting to note that the Kyle and Jackie O show, on numerous occasion landed up in hot water due to their transgression in interviews.  There is a fine line between humour and taking it too far.

References

Clayman, S. 2007, ‘Address Terms in the Service of Other Actions: The Case of News Interview Talk’, http://ehis.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=84d9e9fa-52d7-4299-b082-d75fc6e715fa%40sessionmgr15&vid=5&hid=120

Clayman, S & Li, I 2009, ‘Joke/Serious in Question-answer Sequences: The Case of Infotainment Discourse’, http://ehis.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=84d9e9fa-52d7-4299-b082-d75fc6e715fa%40sessionmgr15&vid=5&hid=120

Mary Hart: Changing Performance to suit the genre

Mary Heart talks directly to the audience – her voice and tone changes to different situations.  When she is being interviewed, she is energetic, confident, uses a lot of body language and the tone of her voice appears louder and outspoken. She is entertaining and tells interesting stories.

When she interviews, she engages herself with celebrities, her tone is warm, empathetic and at times emotional.  By changing her personality in different situations it allows the celebrity to open up.

Mary Hart gained what so many have so little use for . . . trust.  She treated celebrities like people. Viewers liked her because she had no manipulative agendas. 

http://www.zimbio.com/watch/_Ofyzqlh_bm/Mary+Hart+Legendary+Interviews/Entertainment+Tonight 

 

Features of a gentre: The Ellen Degeneres Show

ELLEN DEGENERES

“You posted that on Facebook”

This video is a classical example of wit and humour and also involving the audience with a BIG personal touch.

In the episode, “You posted that on Facebook”, show host Ellen Degeneres televises transgression as she shows the world embarrassing photographs that her audience members posted on Facebook.  Although she uses transgression, she also conducts this show in a humorous and witty manner.  The results:  the audience adore her want more.

The Ellen Degeneres show, shortened to Ellen is on American Television.  It is a talk show hosted by comedian and actress Ellen Degeneres.  The show has won 32 daytime Emmy Awards as of 2011 (The Ellen Degeneres Show 2011).

The show combines comedy, celebrities, musical guests and human interest stories.  It is not a scandalous talk show and does not interview experts giving advice in regard to personal relationships.

The program often features audience input and games where prizes are awarded.  Audiences received approximately $1000 of prizes on each of the twelve episodes.

Ellen Degeneres, a passionate interactive host, scars people by playing pranks on them, participating in faux breaking news segments and involves crew members.

The show has been successful and has been televised in programs such as Joey, Six Feet Under and The Bernie Mac Show.

Ellen Degeneres encourages a negative free zone and tries to make everyone feel as if they are part of the studio.  She engages her audience as she is funny, uplifting and entertaining to watch.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SCaKuAdKumA&feature=relmfu

www.ellentv.com